Malnutrition – Signs, Causes, and Treatment

Malnutrition is a serious health disorder that occurs when the body does not get adequate nutrition. In fact, these nutrients are very important for the body to be able to carry out its functions properly. Malnutrition does not occur within one or two days, but accumulates over a long period of time. Signs of a body that is malnourished may not be realized.

Signs of Malnutrition

Signs of body malnutrition include easily tired, decreased concentration, depression, susceptibility to infection, slow healing of wounds, easy cold, mood changes, loss of appetite, easy falling because of weakened muscles. But the most common sign is usually unplanned weight loss. Even so, there are also obese people who are malnourished because what they consume is not healthy food.

Causes of Malnutrition

Malnutrition occurs when you don’t eat a healthy diet. Or it could also be due to conditions that make the body unable to absorb nutrients from food, or make you lose your appetite or difficult to eat. Here’s the explanation:

  • Having eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa. People with anorexia often regurgitate the food they have eaten. This makes the body get no nutrition.
  • Alcoholic beverages in large quantities can interfere with the digestive process and absorption of nutrients in the body. This habit may also be able to make alcoholic drink addicts forget to eat, because they feel it is enough just by consuming this drink.
  • Strict diets such as limiting the intake of certain foods such as sugar, salt, or fat can indeed help overcome certain medical conditions. However, this can make you lack of substances that are also needed.
  • Having a condition that makes appetite disturbed such as nausea, liver disease, cancer, or Crohn’s disease.
  • Suffering from dysphagia, a condition that makes pain while swallowing.

There are also other factors that contribute to malnutrition such as economic problems, lack of knowledge about nutrition, poor dental conditions, or reduced appetite due to disturbances in the sense of taste and smell. Dementia memory disorders and schizophrenia mental disorders can also cause sufferers to become malnourished due to irregular eating or even forget to eat at all.

To check whether the body is malnourished or not, you can consult a doctor. Your doctor will calculate your body mass index to find out whether your weight and height are balanced or not.

Treatment of Nutritional Deficiencies

Overcoming malnutrition must be adjusted to the cause. If the cause is due to certain conditions, then the doctor will overcome the condition while improving your body’s nutrition. Nutritional improvement can be done by eating foods with balanced nutrition that has been determined by the doctor. Supplements may be given to provide additional nutrition.

Before the body suffers from malnutrition, it is highly recommended to eat foods with balanced nutrition every day. The food consists of vegetables and fruit, dairy products, carbohydrate foods, and protein foods. Anyone can suffer from malnutrition. Immediately consult a doctor to know for sure whether you are still within normal limits or excessive or lack of nutrition.

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