Vertigo is a symptom with a sensation of self or around feeling spinning that occurs suddenly. There is a condition of mild vertigo and is not too pronounced and there is a severe condition that inhibits the routine. Vertigo attacks can vary, ranging from mild dizziness and appearing regularly to severe and long lasting. A severe attack can continue for several days so that the sufferer cannot move normally.
Other Symptoms that accompany Vertigo
Another symptom associated with vertigo is loss of balance. These signs will trigger vertigo sufferers having difficulty standing or walking, nausea, vomiting, sweating, sometimes accompanied by nystagmus (abnormal eye movements) and dizziness.
Please consult to your doctor if your vertigo does not heal. The doctor will usually ask for your symptoms, do a simple examination, and recommend further examination. Especially if the frequency of vertigo is often experienced, so the diagnosis of vertigo can be ascertained.
Causes of Vertigo
Vertigo is usually caused by interference with the inner ear. This disorder will trigger the problem of the body’s balance mechanism. While other common causes include:
- Migraine – unbearable headache.
- Meniere’s disease – a disorder that attacks the inner ear.
- Disorders of the brain, such as tumors.
- Trauma or injury to the head and neck.
- Certain drugs that cause ear damage.
- Vestibular neuronitis, which is the inflammation of the vestibular nerve in the inner ear.
- Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) – vertigo triggered by a change in the position of the head.
Based on several causes above, BPPV is one of the most common causes of vertigo.
Vertigo Treatment and Prevention
Vertigo itself is a symptom and not a disease. Therefore, how to deal with vertigo depends on the disease that causes it. Some cases of vertigo can heal without treatment. This may occur because the brain manages to adapt to changes in the inner ear.
There are also several causes of vertigo that require special treatment steps. Among others are:
- Epley maneuver to handle BPPV.
- Medications, such as prochlorperazine and antihistamines. However, these drugs are usually only effective at an early stage and should not be used long term.
- Vestibular rehabilitation therapy to help the brain to adapt to confusing signals from the ears that cause vertigo, so that the frequency decreases.
Besides doctor’s handling or therapists, we can also do various ways to reduce or prevent symptoms of vertigo. These steps include:
- Avoid sudden movements to keep from falling.
- Seated immediately if vertigo attacks.
- Use several pillows so that the head position during sleep becomes higher.
- Move your head slowly.
- Avoid head movements looking up, squatting, or bending your body.
- Know the triggers of your vertigo and do exercises that can trigger your vertigo. Your brain will become accustomed and will reduce the frequency of vertigo recurrence. Do this exercise by asking for help from others.
- For those of you who also suffer from Meniere’s disease, limit the consumption of salt in the daily menu.