Gastritis is a condition when the lining of the stomach experiences irritation, inflammation or erosion. Based on the period of development of symptoms, gastritis is divided into two, namely acute (developing quickly and suddenly) and chronic (progressing slowly).
The stomach organ has acid-producing cells and enzymes that are useful for digesting food. To protect the stomach lining from inflammation or acid erosion, these cells also produce a mucus layer called mucin.
Some gastritis symptoms that may appear include gnawing pain and heat in the stomach, loss of appetite, quickly feel full when eating, bloated, hiccup, nausea, gag, stomach ache, gastrointestinal disorders, defecate with deep black stools, vomiting blood.
If these symptoms always felt after you take certain medications or you feel symptoms of stomach pain for more than a week or you are defecating with a texture of dark black stool, and you vomit blood, then you should see your doctor immediately. Stomach ache does not always indicate gastritis. Treatment usually depends on the cause of this disease.
Many things can cause gastritis, among them H. pylori bacterial infection, side effects of consuming nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (eg ibuprofen and aspirin) regularly, stress, excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages, drug abuse, autoimmune reaction, aging, bacterial and viral infections, Crohn’s disease, HIV / AIDS, bile flux, pernicious anemia, chronic vomiting.
Arrange your meal schedule properly. Regular meals with appropriate portions will help reduce the symptoms of this gastritis. Avoid oily, sour or spicy foods, and alcoholic beverages. You should also avoid alcoholic beverages, because alcohol can also cause gastritis symptoms. In addition, control your stress.
A number of things will be done by the doctor in diagnosing gastritis, ranging from asking for symptoms, reviewing personal and family medical history, carrying out a physical examination, to carrying out a follow-up examination.
The symptoms of gastritis can subside if handled properly. There are several medications that are usually prescribed by doctors, including 2 histamine inhibitors (H2 blockers), proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), antacid drugs, and antibiotic drugs.
Complications due to gastritis can occur if the condition is not treated. Some of these include stomach ulcers, bleeding in the stomach, and stomach cancer.